12V to 5V converter step down | 12v to 5v dc-dc converter circuit diagram

12V to 5V converter step down | 12v to 5v dc-dc converter circuit diagram

12v to 5v dc-dc converter circuit diagram - Electronic Project


A Buck Converter is a type of DC-DC converter that a Circuit diagram can step down (i.e., reduce) a higher voltage to a lower Power supply voltage. It is a popular choice for power electronics applications because it is efficient and relatively simple to implement. Buck Converters are commonly used in a Currrenttlou variety of applications, including power supplies for computers, Circuit diagram mobile devices, and LED lighting, as well as in automotive and industrial Project System applications. They are known for their high efficiency, small size, and low cost.

The QK-A013 is a 12.0V to 5.0V low-interference power converter that converts 12.0V (or 24.0V) battery power into a stable 5.0V USB power source. Originally designed for marine use power supply (where radio interference needs to be kept to a minimum). It’s specifically a Circuit diagram designed to create very low Power supply amounts of noise and interference. This makes it ideal for all applications and locations of Power supply. The QK-A013 can easily be connected to the Project system with different types of batteries. It is most frequently used on boats, cars, and caravans when a stable 5.0V power supply source is needed for sensitive equipment Power Supply requires a USB connection (marine electronic Currenttlou devices, mobile phones, etc).

The working principle of a Buck Converter involves the project System conversion of a higher voltage to a lower voltage through a series of Power supply switches, inductors, and capacitors. The basic operating Currentlou principle of a Buck Converter is as Circuit diagram follows: The input voltage is connected to a switch Power supply (usually a MOSFET), which is controlled by a control circuit diagram. When the switch is closed, the input voltage is applied across the circuit diagram inductor, which starts to store energy in the power Supply form of a magnetic field. When the switch is opened, the Project system stored energy in the inductor is Power supply released, and the energy is transferred to the Currenttlou output capacitor and load.

Diagram of 12v to 5v dc-dc converter circuit diagram:

12v to 5v converter

Components Needed for this Project:

You can get the components from any of the sites below:

  1. Name [See Buy Click Amazon]
  2. Name [See Buy Click Amazon]
  3. Name [See Buy Click Amazon]
  4. Name [See Buy Click Amazon]
  5. Name [See Buy Click Amazon]
  6. Name [See Buy Click Amazon]

*Please note: These are affiliate links. I may make a commission if you buy the components through these links. I would appreciate your support in this way!

Read Also:

Working Principle of How to design your own Buck Converter (12v - 5v):

We always do not have a 5V battery readily available, and sometimes we need higher voltage and a lower voltage at the same time to drive different parts of the same circuit. To solve this issue, we use a higher voltage, which is in our case a 12V battery as the main power source and step down this voltage to get a lower voltage, say 5V wherever required. For achieving this, a BUCK CONVERTER circuit is used in many electronic gadgets and applications that drop the voltage to match the load’s requirement.

First, let me tell you about converters. Broadly, there are three types of converters, the first one being Buck converter which steps down the voltage from a higher source voltage. Second, Boost converter, which steps up the voltage from a lower source voltage. In addition, there is another converter which is a combination of the two arranged in some form, the more popular one is Buck-Boost converter which first lowers the voltage and then steps up to the required value. I will try to explain each of the above-mentioned converters in some detail so that the understanding of the upcoming circuitry makes more sense.

The basic principle of a Boost converter consists of two distinct states. In the first state, the ON state is when the inductor connected to the source side is charged when the switch is ON. Then, when the switch is OFF, the only path offered to the inductor current to flow through is the flyback diode, the capacitor and the load. This results in the transfer of energy which was accumulated in the ON state into the capacitor. If the cycling of the switch is quite fast then the inductor will not discharge fully in between the charging states. Hence the voltage across the load will always greater than that of input source when the switch is OFF.

Inverting buck-boost converter having a very basic principle. While in ON state the operation is similar to that of a Boost converter, where the inductor stores energy. A capacitor supplies energy to the load during this time is to connect across the load. While in the OFF state, the inductor is connected to the output load and the capacitor, so the energy stored in the inductor is given to the capacitor and the load. The capacitor gets charged during this time.

The 1N5819 is a metal to silicon power diode, also termed as Schottky Rectifier, which applies the Schottky Barrier Principle. It is mainly used as rectifiers in high-frequency low voltage inverters, polarity protection diodes, and freewheeling diodes. It is also called a surface barrier diode, hot-electron diode or hot carrier diode. It is a little bit different from normal PN junction diodes where metal like platinum or aluminum is used in place of P-type semiconductor. In Schottky diode, semi-conductor and metal joined, forming a metal-semiconductor junction where the semiconductor side acts as a cathode and the metal side acts as an anode. When metal-semiconductor junction formed between metal and semiconductors, they result in a depletion layer also referred to as the Schottky barrier.


Frequently Asked Questions

How does a 24V to 12V converter work?

Switching Regulator Wiring: The 24V input is connected to the switching regulator, which performs the step-down conversion to 12V DC. Output Wiring: The output wiring is a Circuit diagram connected to the output terminals of the Power Supply DC-to-DC converter, where the stable 12V DC Currenttlou voltage is obtained.

Is 5V to 12V converter safe?

Yes, DC/DC step-up (boost) converters are safe. You'll need to look at current, Circuity diagram efficiency, and noise. The converter is a switched converter which usually works at around 100kHz levels, The Project system will generate electric noise. The better the converter, the better this noise is filtered (canceled) out.

How to downgrade 12V to 5V?

A popular choice is the LM7805, which is a commonly used linear voltage regulator that can step down 12V to 5V. To use it, you would connect the input pin to the 12V source, the output pin to your 5V load, and the ground pin to the common ground. Additionally, you may need capacitors for stability and to reduce noise.

Can I use a 12V DC power supply on a 5V?

lf a device rated for 5v is connected to a 12v supply, some of the components may get burnt or damaged due to overcurrent. If the applied voltage to equipment is more than its maximum rated voltage, the equipment will certainly fail due to over-voltage.

Can I use 12V adapter instead of 5V?

Using an adapter with an incorrect voltage rating poses safety Circuit diagram risks. Connecting a 5V device to a 12V adapter can lead to power supply overheating, damage, and potential fire hazards. Conversely, a Circuit diagram using a 5V adapter for a 12V device may result in insufficient power Supply, causing malfunctions or device failure.

Post a Comment

Do leave your comments

Previous Post Next Post



Blogging Experiment
Electronic Experiment Subscribe our Youtube Channel