Ring Socket Wiring Diagram | Radial Socket Circuit

Ring Socket Wiring Diagram | Radial Socket Circuit

Ring Socket wiring diagram:

This diagram shows how to make a ring socket outlets diagram. In this circuit, we use a total of 13 three-pin power sockets a DP MCB ( Double Pole Miniature Circuit Breaker ), a single-phase energy meter, etc. Here we connect sockets with a ring diagram first we input power to DP MCB from the energy meter and then from DP MCB to the 3-pin power socket. Now, this circuit is ready for use. If you want to know more details about this diagram please check our youtube video at the below link.

Diagram of Ring Socket wiring:

Ring Socket Wiring Diagram
Fig 1: Ring Socket Wiring Diagram

Components Need for this Project:

You can get the components from any of the sites below:

  1. 3-Pin Socket [See Buy Click Amazon]
  2. DP MCB [See Buy Click Amazon]
  3. Single Phase Energy Meter [See Buy Click Amazon]
*Please note: These are affiliate links. I may make a commission if you buy the components through these links. I would appreciate your support in this way!


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Components used to make the Ring Socket wiring:

01. 3-Pin Socket

3-Pin Socket
Fig 2: 3-Pin Socket
A socket is a type of equipment used in electrical wiring lines that always has an electrical connection. According to the need, it can be supplied to the electrical equipment. In case of electric iron, electric hand drill machine and electric hand grinder etc. two-pin socket with earth terminal is used. Also, three-pin sockets are used for electrical appliances that have a metal body and are likely to be electrified. Eg – Refrigerator, room heater, table heater, hot-plate, electric oven etc.

02. DP MCB

Fig 3: DP MCB
Double pole MCB can control two wires. This circuit breaker is generally used in single-phase electric lines. Double pole MCB circuit breaker input has two wires supply two wires and an output. In a single-phase line, A double-pole MCB circuit breaker is used to give good production. This circuit breaker is provided through phase and neutral circuit breaker, it is very safe. This circuit breaker is preferred for home appliances. A DP MCB usually trips for 2 reasons 1. Overload 2. Short circuit.

03. Single Phase Energy Meter

Single Phase Energy Meter
Fig 4: Single Phase Energy Meter
The measuring device with the help of which the electric power or energy of a circuit is measured is called Energy Meter (Energy Meter). Also called a watt-hour or kilowatt-hour meter. For home appliances, we used a single-phase energy meter. The single-phase energy meter is directly connected between the line and the load. Both coils produce their magnetic fields, when the meter is connected to the supply line, and the load. Energy meters are used in homes and in industrial applications where we want to found that how much energy is being consumed by home appliances and electrical equipment.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is a ring main cable for sockets?

The power sockets in a house are connected by means of a ring circuit diagram. In a ring circuit diagram, the live, neutral, and earth wires form a loop of cable going from the consumer unit to all of the sockets in turn or then back to the consumer unit. The live wire carries current flow to the house/appliance at a high voltage.

How are sockets wired?

The wiring of a socket depends mostly on the type of circuit diagram, with the most commonly used socket circuit being a ring final circuit diagram. This circuit diagram means that the cable begins at the consumer unit, before looping around, in a ring pattern, to each socket, before looping back to the consumer unit to form a ring of cable.

Why ring the main wiring?

This arrangement allows the use of conductors with smaller cross-sectional areas compared to a regular radial circuit diagram arrangement. It is also a requirement that all connected of the appliances must be individually fused (usually within the 13A plug).

How many sockets does a ring have?

Entirely up to you. It is not the number of sockets that is important but the fuse capacity. You may need dozens of sockets for convenience, say in a laboratory, but not many would be used at any one time. Rings are normally wired in 2.5mm cable or fused to 32 amps.

Why do we use 2.5 mm cable for sockets?

It is true that the standard wiring used for sockets is 2.5 square mm lately because that is ALMOST always more than you need for 16amps, so it is considered a fairly safe rule of thumb. Also, it's the thickest wire that works with most sockets, thicker ones don't even fit the screw of the terminals.

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